Tradition preserved April 21, 753 BC as the founding date of the city of Rome

Tradition preserved April 21, 753 BC as the founding date of the city of Rome

The tradition of founding of Rome is associated with the twin brothers Romulus and Remus, born in Alba Longa, near what would become Rome. Their mother was a priestess and daughter of the King of Alba Longa, and their father was the god of war, Mars.

The king of Alba Longa, fearing for his throne, opposed the god by throwing the children into the river Tiber in order for them to drown and disappear. However, human greed could not defeat the gods, so the twins were thrown out on the bank of the river. Hungry and frightened, they were suckled by a she-wolf who kept them alive, until they were found and rescued by a shepherd who then raised them as his own children. However, they were destined for greater things, so their identity was soon revealed. After this the twins went to the banks of the river Tiber where they wanted to establish their new city. Romulus then killed Remus and named the city after his own name (Latin: Roma). Thus, the city of Rome was founded with blood, by ritually receiving its life.

The founding of Rome is also associated with Venus, the goddess of love, beauty and desire. Her mythical son Aeneas, the only survivor of the fall of Troy, moved to Italy after the war. Many centuries later, he will be revered as the direct ancestor of Romulus and Remus. In this way the goddess Venus was revered as the main patron of the city, and many emperors traced their family line directly to her. That is why she received the largest and most beautiful temple in the city of Rome.

The brightest and most beautiful planet was also named after her, which is closest and most visible to Earth in April, when one of the largest festivals in Rome was held in her name and honor.

In the permanent exhibition of the Archaeological Museum, almost all the most representative and unique Roman artifacts are united in the Roman collection.

Some of them have already been presented on the social networking sites, such as: the terracotta figurine of Venus, the terracotta toy-horsemen, the bronze figurine of a mountain goat, the bronze bust of Silenus, the love story of Cupid and Psyche, etc.